Egyptian 19th Dynasty (c.1297-1185 BC). Medium: granite. Date: 13th Century BC. Believed to be the pharaoh of the Exodus; earliest reference to Israel outside the Bible; commemorative hymn celebrating the victory of Merenptah over the Libyan invaders; Provenance: Egyptian National Museum, Cairo, Egypt / Giraudon. Photographic Rights held by The Bridgeman Art Library.