Couder, Louis Charles Auguste (1790-1873); French. Medium: oil on canvas. Date: 1840. Recognised as Wali of Egypt by the Ottoman Sultan in 1805; later Wali of Sudan; regarded as founder of modern Egypt; his title was made hereditary and his dynasty in Egypt lasted until 1952; born in Albania; Provenance: Ch�teau de Versailles, France / Giraudon. Photographic Rights The Bridgeman Art Library.