French School, (12th century); French. Medium: vellum. Date: 1150's. Duke Richard II 'The Good' (reigned 996-1026) is portrayed holding a sceptre and seated on the left of Maugis, Bishop of Avranches (1022-26); to his right and wearing a Phrygian cap is the duke's son, Duke Robert 'The Magnificent' (reigned 1027-35) shown giving the charter containing the donations to Abbot Almod; a cartulary is a collection of charters recording grants to religious institutions and the Cartulaire de Mont Saint-Michel, now in the Bibliotheque Municipale in Avranches, is the only surviving medieval source for the monastery after the destruction of the Archives of the Manche in 1944; considered to have been made for Robert de Torigni (also known as Robert de Monte) Abbot of Mont Saint-Michel (1154-86) or perhaps for his predecessor, Abbot Geoffrey; Provenance: Bibliotheque Municipale, Avranches, France / Giraudon. Photographic Rights The Bridgeman Art Library.