Tissier, Jean Baptiste Ange (1814-76); French. Medium: oil on canvas. Date: 19th Century. Algerian emir who led jihad against France; Abd al-Qadire ibn Muhyi al-Din; Abd El-Kader (1808-83); political and military leader; Algeria; Abd al-Qadir ibn Muhieddine, known as Em?r ?Abd al-Q?dir or ?Abd al-Q?dir al-Jaz??ir? was an Algerian Islamic scholar, Sufi, political and military leader who led a struggle against the French colonial invasion; saved Christians in Syria; national hero; El Djezairi Provenance: Ch�teau de Versailles, France / Giraudon. Photographic Rights The Bridgeman Art Library.