French School, (17th century); French. Medium: engraving. Athanasius Kircher (1602-80) German Jesuit scholar and polymath; his 'Musurgia Universalis' is a seminal work of musicology, published in Rome in 2 volumes in 1650 and was very influential in the development of Western music, especially influencing J.S. Bach (1685-1750) and Beethoven (1770-1827); Provenance: Private Collection / Giraudon. Photographic Rights The Bridgeman Art Library.