Egyptian 5th Dynasty (c.2494-2345 BC). Medium: stone. Date: 25th Century BC. La Pierre de Palerme; probably of black basalt; earliest Egyptian historical text; list of the kings of Ancient Egypt before and after Menes; notation of events; discovered by a French archaeologist in 1895 and first published by Heinrich Schafer in 1902; Provenance: Museo Archeologico Regionale di Palermo, Italy / Giraudon. Photographic Rights held by The Bridgeman Art Library.