French School, (14th century); French. Medium: vellum. Date: 14th Century. Teaching the first commandment of the Church; page from the educational treatise on morality and religion written in 1279 by his Confessor, the Dominican monk Frere Laurent, for Philippe III le Hardi (1245-85), king of France from 1270-85; because of its royal commission, this manual of moral and religious instruction was called 'The King's Summary'; very popular in the middle ages and translated into Provencal, Flemish, Catalan, Spanish and Italian; over 100 copies are extant; also known as 'Somme des vices et des vertus'; 'Summary of vices and virtues'; Provenance: Bibliotheque Municipale, Reims, France / Giraudon. Photographic Rights The Bridgeman Art Library.