Al Istakhri (Al-Estakhri) (10th century); Persian. Medium: vellum. Date: 10th Century. Al-Istakhri was a celebrated 10th century Persian geographer and cartographer; his atlas 'al-Masalik wa al-Mamalik' also gives descriptions of roads. cities, monuments throughout the Islamic world; Provenance: Egyptian National Library, Cairo, Egypt / Giraudon. Photographic Rights The Bridgeman Art Library.