Cranach, Lucas, the Elder (1472-1553). Medium: oil on panel. Date: 1544. In the left foreground are portraits of the Elector Johann Friedrich of Saxony the Magnanimous (1503-54) and the Emperor Charles V (1500-58) hunting deer; on the right is a portrait of the Elector's wife, Sybille of Cleves (1512-54) taking aim with her crossbow; Cranach and his workshop made several paintings with similar hunting scenes and probably they were commissioned by Johann Friedrich to give to other German princes in the 1540s; there is also an allegorical meaning since hunting was a symbol of good government and is therefore an allusion to harmony and collaboration between rulers; Johann Friedrich was a strong supporter of Luther and the Protestant Reformation and would later be imprisoned by Charles V in 1547 after the defeat at the battle of M�hlberg of the Lutheran Schmalkaldic League of Protestant princes by the Catholic princes of the Holy Roman Empire; however in 1544 there appeared to be a good relationship between the Emperor and the Elector; Provenance: Prado, Madrid, Spain / Giraudon. Photographic rights held by The Bridgeman Art Library.