Leandre, Charles (1862-1930); French. Medium: colour lithograph. Date: 1916. Alexandre Ribot (1842-1923); French politician and four times Prime Minister; Finance Minister in the Government of Aristide Briant from October, 1915 to December, 1916; the 'blue birds' are ballot papers and hence the cartoon is making a satirical reference to Ribot's role in the direction or determination of French national defence during the First World War; Provenance: Musee de La Presse, Paris, France / Giraudon. Photographic Rights The Bridgeman Art Library.