Berthelemy, Jean-Simon (1743-1811); French. Medium: oil on canvas. Under a persecution instigated by Antiochus IV Epiphanes, Eleazar was forced to open his mouth and eat pork, but he spat it out and submitted to flogging. He was then privately permitted to eat meat that he could pretend was pork, but he refused and was flogged to death. Provenance: Musee de la Chartreuse, Douai, France / Giraudon. Photographic Rights The Bridgeman Art Library.