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        Ms. 988 T. III fol. 42 Map of the environs of the town and castle of Ol�ron, from the Atlas of Louis XIV

        Vauban, Sebastien Le Prestre de (1633-1707); French. Medium: pen, ink & gouache on paper. Carte des environs du bourg et chasteau d'Ol�ron; island in the Atlantic off the western coast of France; the star defence design of the fortifications of the citadel of the castle are typical of the many similar designs of Vauban, the foremost military engineer of the 17th century; the island has a significant place in maritime legal history because Queen El�anor of Aquitaine (1122-1204) promulgated here the Rolls of Ol�ron (R�les d'Ol�ron, also known as the "Judgments of Oleron" and the "Rules of Ol�ron") the first formal statement of "maritime" or "admiralty" laws in northwestern Europe; Provenance: Bibliotheque du Genie, Paris, France. Photographic Rights The Bridgeman Art Library.


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