Matout, Louis Nicolas (1811-88); French. Medium: charcoal and white chalk wash on paper. Date: 19th Century. Substitutes for the first time ligature of the arteries for cauterization with a red-hot iron after an amputation; preparatory drawing for the fresco which decorated the Amphitheatre of the School of Medicine in Paris; destroyed in fire of 15th October 1889; Provenance: Musee de l'Assistance Publique, Hopitaux de Paris, France / Giraudon. Photographic Rights The Bridgeman Art Library.