French School, (19th century); French. Medium: lithograph. Date: 19th Century. Abd al-Qadir (1808-83) Algerian Islamic scholar, Sufi, political and military leader; he led the struggle against the French invasion of Algeria during the 1830s; his name is also spelt El Amir Abdelkader, Abd al-Kadir, Abdel Kader or Abd-El-Kader; Provenance: Private Collection. Photographic Rights The Bridgeman Art Library.