Daumier, Honore (1808-79); French. Medium: lithograph. Date: 1833. Louis Philippe (1773-1850) King of the French (1830-48); portrayed with his trademark umbrella about to be crushed in a printing press; precursor of the caricature of the following year, 1834 (162355); although Louis-Phillippe had been called the 'Citizen King' at the start of his reign and the Charter of 1830 which he had sworn to uphold stated that censorship would never be reestablished, his r�gime became increasingly hostile to criticism from the press, culminating in the reestablishment of censorship in 1835; two journals, 'La Caricature' (1830) and 'Le Charivari' (1832) were founded by the French journalist, Charles Philipon; these contained cartoons highly critical of politics and government in France. Provenance: Private Collection. Photographic Rights The Bridgeman Art Library.